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Animal ecology –  is an important subject of research for scientists. They study how these animals related to each other and how they related to their surroundings. There are numerous kinds of animal ecology. This includes: Population ecology, the study of the effects on the animals’ population Behavioral ecology, the study of the Behaviour of […]

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Ecological Planning – is the way of recognizing the impact of environments and processes and using this information to discover solutions to incorporate human habitation appropriately. To be able to benefit both Ecological Planning’s outcome is to merge habitation. Ecological Planning’s notion has existed since the 1600’s but came due to greater awareness of side […]

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Ecological Relationships

Lose Weight And Protect Environment

Climate change has never been as present as it is now. With it, the responsibility you bear for the planet.

How to lose weight and protect the environment at the same time

Not only car exhaust, airplanes, deforestation, and the burning of fossil fuels are responsible for the increase in CO2 concentration in the atmosphere and the associated climate change, but also your diet. That is why more and more people are dealing with the topic of sustainability. They are trying to minimize their fuel balance as much as possible.

In fact, by changing your eating habits and the food you consume, you can not only do something good for the environment, but also for your body. Dietary supplement manufacturers use natural ingredients in their products. You can see on Alpilean consumer reports how manufacturers use natural ingredients for dietary pills.

Alpilean consumer reports

Eat climate-friendly and lose weight with the CO2 diet

Sustainability has meanwhile become a topic that runs through every area of life. Not only with your clothes, but you also attach more and more importance to high-quality, fairly produced processes and materials. Also, you pay attention in relation to means of transport, waste separation, packaging, and many other aspects of your life.

One factor that many still underestimate, but which is one of the most important of all and has a major impact on the planet, is your diet. Numerous researchers and scientists are therefore dealing with the topic of sustainability in their studies and analyzing how harmful influences on the climate can best be minimized.

The production of food is responsible for 31 percent of the greenhouse gases emitted annually. These are known to lead to global warming. This is not only due to the transport routes. It is also due to the deforestation of resources, the production and use of fertilizers, and livestock, which emit more methane gas.

According to climatologists, meat consumption alone accounts for around 18 percent of greenhouse gas emissions. The ecological footprint varies from product to product, but figuring out which diet causes the least harm is not that easy.

It is important to know that fruit and vegetables are much better than animal products. Plant-based foods only cause about a tenth of greenhouse gases. On average, organic foods also produce about a third less greenhouse gases than conventional products in the same quantity.

Environment And Drugs HGH Kaufen

It’s good that you have them. Various medicines make and keep you healthy. The downside however is that the leftovers and residues get into the environment in large quantities and pollute water and soil, for example via the wastewater from your households. Although the organism metabolizes the drugs, it is usually not able to break down the active ingredients completely. A part is excreted and finds its way into the sewage treatment plant via the toilet.

HGH kaufen

Medicines and the environment: HGH kaufen

The technology there can filter out a lot, but a number of chemical compounds remain and ultimately end up in water bodies and groundwater. Around 270 pharmaceutical substances have been detected in rivers and lakes, in groundwater, and in the soil. Painkillers, antihypertensives, antibiotics, and X-ray contrast media are particularly common.

The biological effects persist and affect plants, animals, and entire ecosystems. There is very unlikely to be any immediate risk to your health. Ultimately, however, everything that ends up in the environment comes back to you at some point. For example in the form of increased resistance to antibiotics or a growing number of Allergies, according to scientists. Obtaining clean drinking water is also becoming increasingly difficult. Each individual can help minimize the problem.

Only as much as necessary

You cannot prevent active ingredients from leaving your body naturally. Environmentally friendly use of medicines starts with taking them. Keep yourself healthy and fit. If you are not sick, you do not cause any waste of medicines in the first place. If you do get it, take it easy, try home remedies and stay at home to avoid infecting anyone.

Do not take any medication prophylactically or on suspicion. Ask your pharmacy team which medicines are useful in individual cases and which are not. In this way, you prevent the intake of unnecessary substances and protect your wallet and the environment. For recommended or prescribed supplements, stick to dosage recommendations. The less you take, the better for nature and for the organs.

Leftovers in the household waste

The easiest way to protect the environment from medicines is to never dispose of HGH kaufen medicines down the toilet or sink. It doesn’t matter whether it’s solid or liquid. The right place for sorted medicines is the residual waste bin. With a few exceptions, you can easily dispose of tablets, drops, and the like in this way. Household waste is either incinerated or mechanically and biologically treated. In the process, the active pharmaceutical ingredients are destroyed or inactivated and no longer pose a risk to the environment. Refrain from rinsing containers with leftover medication.

Probiotics : Understanding the Use of Bacterial Spores in Improving Gut Health

Modern researches have been focusing on bacterial spores production not only for their environmental impact but also for their use in probiotic applications. The highly-resistant features of spores have made it difficult for chemical manufacturers to come up with new disinfectants that can destroy not only the microorganisms but the spore-forming bacteria that build their ecology.

Understanding the Concept and Purpose of Probiotics

Probiotics are biotechnology products formulated for healthcare purposes. The goal of probiotics is to empower the human body’s gut microbiome in maintaining positive gut health. The latter is a condition in which there are more good microorgasnims supporting the digestive and immunity systems and its processes, which include destroying the disease-causing bacteria that fnd their way into the body.

Probiotic products are made from good live bacteria, which makes use of spores to ensure survivability while inside the harsh and acidic environment of the digestive tract.

Probiotics to improve gut health is also available in various fruits and vegetable. Consumption of fermented foods like kombucha, kimchi, kefir, raw apple cider, yoghurt, sourdough, sauerkraut, miso and soya sauce can contribute large amounts of live good bacteria to help the gut microbiome inside the digestive maintain good health and balance.

What Exactly are Spores?

A spore is basically a cell produced by spore-formers of fungi, bacteria and certain plants such as ferns and moss. Spores produced by certain bacteria have thick walls that enable the microorganisms to survive harsh and humid environmental conditionsm and at the same time withstand high temperatures.

Spores formed by bacteria are known to be more resistant than fungal and plant-based spores. However, there are bacterial spores that have been identified as dangerous/ The most common is the C. perfringens, which causes food posioning, while the most dangerous spore-former is Clostridium botulinum as it is capable of producing potent neurotoxins that have been proven fatal.

Bacillus spores are the species in use in agricultural, industrial medical and pharmaceutical biotechnologies. Bacillus spores are widely available in air, water and soil. Researchers hatve identified more than 40 types of the bacillus species have been identified as having physiologic characteristics and ability to help in the production of antibiotics, metabolites and enzymes.

Although some bacillus species have harmful effects, those approved for probiotic purposes are the benign organisms proven as having low risks in producing pathorgenic and toxigenic substances harmful to humans, animals and plants. In fact, in the US, the use of spores in probiotic biotechnology is governed by the Toxic Substances Control Act and enforced by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),3

A good example of a probiotic food supplement is the Megasporebiotic, which the manufacturer claims is a hundred percent spore-based supplement. It’s made from a blend of 5 types of bacillus spores that have 99.99% survivability while in the digestive tract; allowing its spore-formers to release good bacteria that can form protective barriers that help ensure gut health, which in turn, helps strengthen the immune system.

Ecological Element & Hormone Balance

Hormone-like substances have a great influence on the testosterone level in the male and female body. The so-called environmental hormones are hidden in many things. This includes medicines, packaging materials, cosmetics, household items and food. This can enter the human hormone balance unnoticed. Environmental hormones whose harmfulness has been proven in animal experiments are also known as endocrine disruptors. The effect of environmental hormones in the body is manifold. By binding to the body’s own substances, they can trigger a blockage in a similar way to the body’s own substances. They can also disrupt production or degradation or transport in the metabolism.

testosterone enanthate

Disorders from environmental hormones

These environmental hormones contribute to an increase in health disorders and hormone-dependent diseases. In addition to a drop in testosterone levels and a decrease in fertility, various researchers also consider environmental hormones to be the cause of some health problems occurring more frequently.

One remedy to increase testosterone levels is testosterone enanthate (testosteron enantat). People with deficiency can take advantage of this drug provided they consult their physician.

Studies on the effect of plasticizers on testosterone production in the fetus

For decades, a large number of studies have indicated that hormone-like substances from the environment interfere with the human hormonal balance. A more recent American study published in 2010 also confirmed that plasticizers, as endocrine disruptors, affect the development of the reproductive organs in rodents and children by plasticizers probably already reducing testosterone production in the fetus.

The consequence of the environmental hormones is that the testicles do not descend completely or the genitals are smaller. The study also found that the two plasticizers, diethylhexyphthalate and dibutylphthalate, caused boys to play with dolls rather than boys’ toys when the two hormone-like substances were present in excess in the womb during pregnancy.

The researchers were thus able to prove that hormone-like substances also affect the brain. In addition to gender-specific development, they influence children’s behavior when playing. Girls, on the other hand, showed no reaction to the plasticizers. However, other plasticizers did not show any influence on the play behavior of boys.

Search for suitable test methods to detect environmental hormones

Many of the environmental hormones cannot be legally regulated due to a lack of detection methods. While scientists are still looking for suitable detection methods for the hormonal activity of the suspected environmental hormones, there has been a political effort for some time to ban these environmental hormones or restrict their approval because of their toxic properties.

Health protection on the subject of environmental hormones is supported internationally by the World Health Organization. The aim is to facilitate research to identify the hormone-like substances and identifying and closing knowledge gaps.

What Is Behind The Latest Body Positive Trend #HipDips?

There is always something trending on social media. While netizens are still hot on the topic of environmental awareness, in the mid of it all is a new trend #hipdips and #bodypositivitychallenge. Where are these trends rooting from? What’s the story behind them?

The hip dip trend started in 2014 when a photo of a man dipping his hip started trending on social media. This trend is also known as the “hip dip challenge” where people dip their hips and lower waist while they walk to show off their curves and booty. The #bodypositivitychallenge was also coined in 2014. The body positivity movement started when a woman posted a photo of herself on Instagram and said she was “body positive” with the hashtag #effyourbeautystandards.

The trend was silenced for a while because of the pandemic and ongoing social and political issues. But recently it was awakened from its silence.

Once again: #HipDips

There’s a new #bodypositive hashtag making the rounds on the web, and we don’t want to share it with you. Women post pictures under #HipDips to show others why the shape of their hips is nothing to be ashamed of.  Read more at

‘Hip dips’ are the dents that appear on the sides of the hips, which sit between the hips and thighs. As a result, women do not have the socially celebrated “hourglass figure”, but have a “kink” in the silhouette, so to speak.

“My SKELETON is just shaped like that.”

This external feature is absolutely nothing bad or reprehensible – blogger Rebecca Nolan also knows that. But that was not always so. In a post on her Instagram page, the young woman opened up about how she used to struggle with her figure and believed her hip dips were actually nasty blemishes that she could get rid of with exercise.

“I realized I don’t have an awful life preserver, I just have high hips,” the blogger writes. “My SKELETON is just shaped that way. (…) All my insecurities came from thinking there was something wrong with me, something that I needed to change. Realizing that I couldn’t change it gave me more Self-acceptance and great relief.”

#HipDips is the latest body-positive movement

And Rebecca isn’t the only one celebrating her #HipDips. Under the hashtag, hundreds of women are posting pictures to show that the shape of their hips is not something that needs to be hidden or disguised.

Of course, there are also critical voices that raise their voices and say that a body-positive movement like #HipDips is just as reprehensible as dangerous lean trends like ” Thigh Gap ” and Co.

On the other hand, it can be argued that a trend like this isn’t about excluding people without hip dips or labeling them as less beautiful. It’s much more about showing people who are struggling with insecurities about the shape of their hips that their supposed flaws are something completely normal and that they are not alone.

Read also: Five Food Choices that Benefits your Body and The Environment

Conclusion: #Hipdips #bodypositivitymovement

It seems that the trends: #hipdips and #bodypositivitymovement have come to enlighten and encourage women to embrace their bodies. In the past, people were not as open about their bodies. Now, women are embracing all aspects of their body and working towards getting into shape.“Everyone can benefit from having a healthy diet, exercising, and spending more time in the sun.”

Eco-Friendly Diet For Your Health

Lose weight in a healthy and long-term way and also as environmentally friendly as possible is the goal of many.

Plant-based nutrition is great for the environment

If you take a closer look at the production steps, it is not surprising that a plant-based diet is good for the environment. Animal husbandry in particular is one of the main causes of man-made climate change.

The production of dairy products, meat and eggs takes up a disproportionate amount of land. It consumes a lot of drinking water and incidentally produces of methane emissions.

Climate-friendly looks different, namely as green as possible, to be precise. As a pleasant side effect, such a conscious plant-based diet also makes one or two pounds disappear from your hips.

Ikaria products are all natural as the ingredients used are plant-based. You may check the official site and see that the ingredients they used are not good for your health but to the environment as well.

Eco-friendly diet styles

Ayurvedic diet

Ayurveda’s health teachings provide for each person’s own, very individual diet. This depends on the level of your own and is adjusted accordingly.

But no matter what direction the body takes, the focus is always on plant-based foods, which should be prepared as easily and gently as possible.

The main principle of this diet is to maximize the digestibility of the food so that the body has as many of the health effects as possible.

Since the dishes are cooked with lots of fresh plant-based ingredients and spices, the body benefits from the multitude of healthy nutrients. Furthermore, the environment enjoys the selected cuisine.

Gut-friendly food

The focus is on high-fiber foods and fermented foods. An intestinal-friendly diet is good for the body and the environment. However, its effectiveness as a fat-reducing diet has not yet been sufficiently researched.


Vegetarian diet

The basic principle of the vegetarian diet is that there is no meat on the plate. Whether you still reach for milk products and eggs is up to your taste.

Irrespective of this, however, the basis of a vegetarian diet is always the same: Lots of fruit and vegetables, whole grain products and legumes as well as nuts and seeds including vegetable oils.

If you want to help the environment even more, you can replace other animal products such as milk and yoghurt with plant-based alternatives or even try a vegan diet.

How environmentally friendly the whole thing is depends entirely on your own preferences. However, for both your own body and the planet, a plant-heavy diet simply seems to be the better choice. It’s worth a try.

NAU Researchers Discover that Microbes Take Varying Biochemical Pathways

Researchers at Northern Arizona University have gathered evidence that soil microbes are using various biochemical pathways in processing carbon as nutrient. While most scientists believe in one-carbon metabolism, much of this belief could be wrong. Scientists at the NAU reported that soil metabolism among microbes occurs in different pathways from soil to soil.

At NAU’s Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, biology professor Paul Dijkstra who is also the lead author of the study said that generally, ecologists do not think of soil metabolism as occurring in pathways. Yet Prof. Dijkstra said they found evidence that different soil communities trigger varying biochemical reactions as each has its own set of enzymes and coenzymes.

What Makes the Different Soil Biochemical Reactions Important?

Professor Michaela Dippold who teaches geo-biosphere interactions in Germany’s University of Tübingen and also co-author, said it’s important for researchers to know how to identify which of the microbes are highly optimized for metabolism. That way, ecologists can support their efficiency, considering that grazing and predatory microbes could control a soil community.

The German professor added that improving the ability to manipulate and control soil microbial processes, will allow mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and as well as lessen the detrimental impact of climate change on soil conditions.

Five Food Choices that Benefits your Body and The Environment

Healthier living is also ecological living (and vice versa)

We all need to shift to a healthier lifestyle and follow a healthy diet supported by natural supplements like TeaBurn. The good news is that many of those health measures also provide environmental benefits, as they lower our carbon footprint. Cycling is healthier and more environmentally friendly than driving a car, vegetables are healthier and more environmentally friendly than meat, and cigarettes are unhealthy and also have a high footprint. We have unique win-win opportunities for both our bodies and our planet if we shift to a healthier lifestyle.

Five Food Choices that Benefits your Body and The Environment

1. Replace sugary drinks with low-calorie drinks.

From soft drinks to stevia, tea, or plain water. Do you know that tea provides a lot of health benefits? For example, add tea burn to your regular tea to boost your metabolism. Water can quench your thirst and flush out unwanted toxins in the body. The complete opposite of what sugary drinks can do to your body.

It is best to avoid refined sugars because they increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The production of sugars also has an impact on the environment. If you drink a glass of water instead of sugary soft drinks, CO 2 emissions will drop by 100 grams and your water footprint by 60 liters.

2. Replace grain products with whole grain products.

Refined products include white bread, white rice, and white pasta. Those whole-grain products contain more healthy dietary fiber and minerals. When refining grain, those valuable nutrients are lost, which is a form of food waste and inefficiency. The environmental impact of refined products is, therefore, more than a quarter higher.

3. Replace sweets such as chocolate and pastries with fruit and nuts.

By eating sweets instead of fruit, the average person quickly loses more than a year of good health. Opting for an apple instead of a piece of chocolate cake saves almost one hundred grams of CO2 and six hundred liters of water.

4. Too much alcohol consumption is not healthy.

If we limit alcohol to a maximum of one glass a day, an average Belgian gains about an extra healthy year of life due to lower risks of cardiovascular disease, liver cirrhosis, and accidents. The environment also benefits, because a glass of wine has CO 2 emissions of two hundred grams. Spirits are a few times more harmful to the environment and health.

5. Replacing animal products with plant-based alternatives.

This is evident from a study from last year in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. According to that study, if we were to eat a completely plant-based (vegan) diet worldwide with a lot of fruit and vegetables in 2050, there would be fifteen percent less greenhouse gas emissions and ten percent less premature death, according to that study.

This was worked out very concretely in the study: according to the calculations therein, about ten out of every thousand people will die in 2050, if those thousand people eat as they do today. In a scenario where everyone would eat vegan, we see only nine deaths in a thousand in that same year. In other words: one in ten causes of death is related to excessive consumption of animal products and too little consumption of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. The main culprits are the major culprits we just mentioned: cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and diabetes.

Read also: 8 Ways the Environment Affects Your Health

Diet shift is important

A good rule of thumb for a balanced diet is to replace red meat with vegetable protein sources such as legumes and soy products, replace cow’s milk with a plant-based alternative such as soy drink fortified with calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B12, and replace chicken meat, cheese and eggs with vegetables. , nuts and seeds. Well-planned plant-based diets can extend your life by a few years.

The Impact of Environment to General Dental Health

Medical health professionals help parents raise their children to be strong and healthy individuals. This includes dentists who only want the best oral care by providing basic teeth deep cleaning to affordable orthodontics (Braces Phoenix).  In this post, oral and dental professionals share their insights on how the environment may affect oral health.

The Impact of Environment on General Dental Health


Very often, parents prefer to use bottled water for their children. In this case, you need to be careful. If the water contains the trace element fluorine and its content is more than 1 mg / l, then very often children develop fluorosis, which is expressed in the form of spots on symmetrical teeth from white to dark brown. With this disease, the fragility of the enamel increases, which leads to chipping of the cutting edges of the front teeth and the masticatory tubercles on the back teeth.

If the fluorine content in water is less than 1 mg / l, then the content of the main mineral elements calcium, phosphorus, and fluorides in the surface layers of the tooth enamel is significantly reduced. In this case, the activity of caries increases. The optimal concentration of fluoride in drinking water is 1 mg / l. Harder water and poor oral hygiene contribute to the formation of tartar and, as a result, lead to gum disease.


If we talk about the influence of bad ecology on dentition, it is necessary to take into account the ecology that surrounds a pregnant woman and her unborn child. The health of the mother and the conditions of her life is the first environmental factors that affect the correct laying and formation of all organs of the child, including teeth. Women living in a big city, where high air pollution is caused by exhaust gases from cars, enterprises, and the microclimate in the apartment disturbed by smoking relatives are recommended to move to a more environmentally friendly area. Clean air, good drinking water, proper nutrition, hardening – this is what you need to strive for in order to raise healthy children. If it is not possible to take the child to an ecologically clean place, you yourself need to try to create such conditions.


It is also important for the dentist to design the nutrition program of a child. Very often, mothers of children who have lesions of the front teeth to serious destruction and the absence of crowns of the front teeth visit the dentist for this complaint. This condition is called “nursing bottle caries”. Dentists can diagnose this condition even when mothers do not use a bottle for feeding, but only their breasts, especially at night, and the child is more than 1 year old.

The reason for this condition is the prolonged contact of teeth with sweet breast milk. Lactobacilli contained in dental plaque begin to activate against the background of reduced immunity, which can be caused not only by poor nutrition, colds but also by vaccinations. Also, freshly squeezed juices, which are extremely important for the body as a whole, are harmful to the enamel of the teeth, as they contain fruit acids.

At an older age, children may be addicted to candy and soda. This is very dangerous for the teeth. Carbonated drinks have a bad effect on the function of the liver, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract. A professional doctor can determine all these changes by the state of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity and tongue.

What happens to tooth enamel after prolonged contact with carbonated drinks? The answer to this question lies in the composition of this drink. It contains acids (citric, orthophosphoric) and sugar – a favorite delicacy of bacteria found in dental plaque, which sometimes may not even be noticed on still young teeth. Therefore, after eating tasty “harmful” products, you must always rinse your mouth with boiled water.

What’s good for our teeth are products containing fluoride and calcium. These are sea fish, cod liver, veal, spinach, cottage cheese, and butter. Hard cheeses are very useful as they neutralize the action of acids and supply the body with calcium. Bitter chocolate is also good for the teeth. The cocoa beans included in it prevent the growth and reproduction of bacteria. Eating apples, carrots in solid form is also very good.

Ecology Protection by Oral Surgeon

Environmental protection and sustainability are becoming increasingly important in the healthcare sector. Dentist and oral surgeon can also improve their ecological footprint by protecting the environment in their dental practice. A sustainable practice concept encourages teams and patients to participate and is also an excellent marketing tool. This is how you deal sustainably with resources and materials in your practice.

Digital oral surgeon X-ray: Optimal image quality without chemicals

The digital X-ray works without environmentally harmful chemicals such as fixing liquids. Digital image plates or sensor technology replace the conventional X-ray film. This saves preparation, storage and disposal of harmful solutions. In addition, digital imaging reduces the radiation dose for the patient and at the same time offers you better image quality. The images are also immediately available and can be called up anywhere if the practice is networked accordingly. You can send digital image data without additional transport to doctors, laboratories etc. who are also treating or further treatment. You can save and archive this in a space-saving manner.

Oral surgeon digital impression: clear, precisely fitting and free of waste

The digital impression protects the environment, thanks to the material-free procedure. Impression materials and plaster models that would have to be disposed of are no longer required like transports to the laboratory. The high precision also minimizes possible sources of error.  You can reduce the number of new products and patients get by with fewer appointments. In addition, patients find the digital impression to be more pleasant, as they do not feel any gagging sensation. The visualization of the patient’s oral situation directly on the screen also supports you in communicating your treatment planning.

Goodbye paper: digital communication and oral surgeon practice management

oral surgeon

Thanks to digital data processing, you can reduce the daily mountain of paper. This begins with anamnesis, which the patient takes on a tablet in the waiting room or with a mobile device at home. In this way, you can record patient data digitally and import it into the practice software without media discontinuity.

Even the digital sending of invoices is possible. The prerequisite is that you encrypt the invoice file or the transmission path. This not only saves paper but also time in invoicing and postage costs. Many patients gladly accept this environmentally conscious service. At the same time, you also strengthen your “brand” as an ecological conscious dental practice.

Gothenburg Researchers Proved Significance of Including Vegetation in City Planning

Researchers at the University of Gothenburg found out that in their city, the levels of air pollution vary depending on the amount of foliage present in areas The study concluded that since they have proven the significance of trees in making the air clean in cities, they recommend the inclusion of vegetation in city planning.

How the University Researchers Arrived at their Conclusion

In the initial stage of the researchers’ project study, they measured the air pollutants in each area and compared them with the pollutants on the leaves of deciduous broadleaf trees. In their study, they concentrated on PAHs or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are air pollutants generated during incomplete combustions of coal, wood, oil or petrol.

The scientists found out that the most polluted site was the Nils Ericsson Terminal which is the main bus station. They then compared levels of PAHs in this area, which was seven time higher than the levels detected in Angered City Park located in the city boundary.

According to one of the researchers, this piece of information is something that authorities need to be aware of, as the difference in the levels of pollution in the areas are surprisingly wide. They added while traffic is the main source of air pollutants in these areas, the difference can be attributed to the presence of trees whose leaves absorb the pollutants.

Research Findings Provide Evidence about the Importance of Vegetation in Improving Air Quality

Based on their findings, the researchers can now provide a transparent evidence concerning the relationship between the level of air pollutants and the pollutants in the leaves. Especially as their study confirms that the leaves of the trees absorb the pollutants which lessens the harmful substances in the air we breathe.

According to the professor of environmental sciences at the University of Gothenburg Håkan Pleijel, trees play a significant part in improving air quality in the city. Pleijel even reported that the measurement of pollutants found in the air and vegetation were unusual.

One of the researchers, Jenny Klingberg commented that while the most important action to take is to reduce emissions, their findings show that vegetation also plays a significant part in making quality air sustainable in cities.

New Study Found The Impact of Steroids on the Environment

Aquatic Life


Often based on a belief that as the compounds degrade, the ecological risks naturally decline is assessing the risk posed to aquatic organisms by the discharge of certain steroids and pharmaceutical products into waterways.

But there’s growing sentiment that after within the environment, a number of these bioactive organic compounds may transform in a way that creates their presumed impact less certain.

This was the case with the steroid trenbolone acetate and two other drugs, according to a new study led by the University of Iowa and published online within the journal Science.

Trenbolone acetate is now banned for human use, while it was once popular within the bodybuilding and weightlifting communities. However, it’s federally approved to be used by the meat industry to market weight gain and increase feeding efficiency in cattle.

In lab tests followed by field experiments, trenbolone doesn’t fully break down in the water as believed, the researchers found, and under certain conditions that are retaining enough of a chemical residue to regenerate itself within the environment, to an extent that the drugs’ lives are also prolonged, even in trace amounts.

An initiative toward better understanding the environmental role and impact of steroids and pharmaceutical products, all of which are approved by the national for various uses which are shown to enhance food availability, environmental sustainability, and human health, which is what researchers say the study could be.

David Cwiertny, prof in engineering at the University of Iowa and a co-corresponding author on the paper says, “We’re finding a chemical that’s broadly utilized, to behave in a very way that’s different from all our existing regulatory and risk-assessment paradigms. There is a spread of bioactive pharmaceuticals and personal-care products that we all know are present in trace amounts in our water system. To more closely scrutinize the fate and better mitigate the impact of those products within the environment, we must always use what we’re learning about trenbolone.”


ALSO READ: Pharmacy: Medicines In Wastewater


For dienedone, a banned steroid that has been marketed as a body-building supplement, and dienogest, a hormone utilized in a birth-control pill called Natazia, the team found similar results.

Trenbolone acetate is implanted within the ears of quite 20 million cattle within the US, in line with studies cited by the researchers in their paper. The drug is metabolized and so excreted by livestock, and makes its way into waterways mainly through runoff.

The steroid has been considered safe thanks to its rapid degradation, with studies pointing to an environmental half-life of but each day. But there has been concern that it and other synthetic drugs when found in concentrated amounts, are often harmful to aquatic species and therefore the environment generally. Through fewer eggs produced by females to skewing the sex of some species, studies have pointed to steroids and other drugs’ effects on fish.

Edward Kolodziej, prof in engineering at the University of Nevada-Reno and therefore the other corresponding author on the Science paper, said, “We rarely see fish kills anymore, and, into surface waters anymore, that we probably aren’t discharging many carcinogens. But I do not believe this necessarily implies that our water is safe for aquatic organisms. It just could be harder to characterize the adverse effects related to contaminant exposures nowadays.”

Sunlight is one catalyst for breaking down compounds within the environment. The research team found that the steroid’s chemical compounds never fully disappeared in daylight by simulating day and night within the lab, during this study. Moreover, a number of the compounds regenerated themselves, to the maximum amount as 60 percent of the metabolite’s initial mass, when tracked over a 120-hour period, during a simulated night, under typical surface water conditions.

“We knew something unique was happening,” Cwiertny says.

More of the drug’s mass was regenerated — up to 88 percent in one highly acidic state (pH 2) — when the water temperature was higher and when it absolutely was more acidic or alkaline, the team found.

The researchers validated the lab results with two experiments within the field — one with water culled from the Iowa River in Iowa City, Iowa, and therefore the other from samples taken from a group pond at a cattle rangeland and research operation travel by the University of California.


Making Career Advances through Volunteer Works

If you are thinking of a new career, then you might want to consider volunteering first. While you are giving your time for free on such activities, it can help a lot in getting experience and knowledge in area of your interest while expanding your network along the way. Even if you don’t have plans of changing careers, doing volunteer works opens up the opportunity to practice valuable skills needed in the workplace like:

  • Task management
  • Organization
  • Project planning
  • Communication
  • Problem-solving
  • Critical thinking and;
  • Teamwork

Perhaps, you may feel more at ease in really pushing yourself after acquiring and honing these skills by doing volunteer work.

Learning Valuable Skills

Simply because volunteer work is free, it doesn’t mean that the skills you’d learn are going to be basic. A lot of opportunities for volunteering do provide extensive training. Volunteering can even help in building upon skills that you have already and use them to improve the community.

To give you an example, if you have a successful position in sales, you could use it in raising awareness for the cause of your choice as a volunteer advocate. All the while, improving and developing public speaking, marketing skills and communication.

Acquiring Career Experience

As you volunteer, it offers the opportunity to try a new career without actually engaging yourself to have a long-term commitment.

At the same time, it is a wonderful way of gaining experience in new fields. In some fields, you can directly volunteer at the organization that performs the type of work that you are interested in.

For instance, if you are interested in nursing, you may volunteer at a nursing home or at a hospital. Perhaps, you want to teach out-of-school youth about the importance of exercise, how the use of steroids from or other suppliers can impact overall health and so forth, then you can search for organizations that do exactly like that.

Finding the Right Opportunity for You

Literally, there are plenty of volunteer opportunities that you can be involved in. The secret here is finding a position that you’d enjoy and at the same time, capable of doing. It is essential as well to ensure that you are committed to doing it. To find out whether the volunteer work suits you or not, try asking yourself the following:

  • Would you want to work with children, animals or adults?
  • Are you okay working remotely from home?
  • Do you prefer working as part of a team or do things on your own?
  • Do you prefer taking a visible role or is more comfortable working behind the scenes?

Swedish Researchers’ Climate Models Predict Extinctions of Several Species

Sweden’s Linköping University reported that based on the results of their mathematical model, global warming will lead to the extinction of several species; particularly in the polar region. The simulations they conjured presented how climate change significantly impacts ecosystems in different regions. Some of which, mirrored those that are already happening in the natural world.

About the LiU Mathematical Model of Global Ecosystems

The scientists patterned the ecosystems and species from all over the world from those located in the equator to the polar regions of the Earth. Every modelled species is optimized to adapt in a particular temperature range, and interact with other species in the area. The model was utilized by the Swedish researchers, to synthetically produce the potential impacts of climate change on ecosystems within the next 300 years.

Throughout those 300 years, simulations increased the temperature gradually and realistically, followed by a long period of stable climate of a high temperature. The artificial model also mimicked the long-term effects that might occur on ecosystems.

Linköping University’s PhD student Anna Åkesson expounded that once the climate gets warmer, a certain species can adapt to its temperature optimum by traveling northwards. However because of the migrations, original species in the polar regions are affected badly as they ten to lose in the survival competition with the migrating species. While some species die out while travelling from south to north, species that successfully arrived have already adapted to the new temperature.

Senior Lecturer at IFM Anna Eklöf pointed out that this phenomena is already happening. Citing the arctic fox as an example, this polar fox species has lost their ground to the red foxes who successfully migrated northwards into the arctic forests.

Different Ecological Processes and Temperature Dependence Will Impact the Survival Ability of Certain Species

The simulation through the model showed how some ecological processes impact their ability to survive and to migrate to other regions, while amidst predators that feed on preys.

The LIU researchers also factored in the traits of the species can be modified through evolution and temperature dependence. Various species have different temperature dependence, which when needing to adapt to a new environment, can stunt them from surviving the competition.

In all of their conjured simulations, climate change always led to various species’ extinction. Yet they also noted that temperature-dependent interactions helped many species to survive. This also opened the possibility of effective coexistence among species can lessen the negative effects of climate change.

Ms. Eklöf added that an entire ecosystem with greater diversity and large variation of traits can actually cope better. To help other ecosystem and climate change researchers expand their findings, the LiU researchers have published the model’s code as open source that they can utilize.

How Air Pollution and Its Effects on the Ecosystem Disrupt Human Lives

Air pollution can influence ecosystems in many ways, as it can lead to a domino effect of disrupting the benefits derived by humans from natural resources.

Not only does high levels of air pollutants harm humans and animals, they also have both short and long term effects on plants. In cases where the ozone concentrations are high during summer, it can damage the plants’ leaves and needles, while longer exposure can reduce growth.

Moreover, air pollutants travel far, covering various  places before they eventually settle in any form, whether wet or dry,or  in terrestrial or sensitive aquatic ecosystems. Sulfur and nitrogen inputs found in the air pollutants can actually increase lake and river acidification.

Overfertilization can also cause nitrogen inputs to rise, which can affect nitrogen-sensitive ecosystems like forests, alpine heathland, raised bogs and fens, species-rich natural pastures, and dry grassland.

Impact of Air Pollution on Human Health

Air pollution is considered as one of this era’s greatest issues, not only for having a huge impact on climate change, but also for its link to increases in morbidity and mortality rate. Public and individual health are also affected by air pollution as there are a lot of pollutants associated to the development of diseases in humans.

Among those pollutants is the Particulate Matter (PM), which are particles with a  diameter small enough to penetrate the respiratory system through inhalation. These particles can cause cancer, reproductive and central nervous system dysfunctions, and respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.

Lead and other heavy metals that are absorbed into the human anatomy, can cause chronic intoxication or direct poisoning. Particulate matters havr caused respiratory problems known as  Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), like bronchiolitis, lung cancer and asthma.

Air Pollution and its Contribution to Climate Change

Even though the ozone layer acts as a protection against ultraviolet irradiation, its impaired ability to block UVB rays has allowed high concentrations of UV radiations at ground level. Other air pollutants also harmful to humans include dioxins, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs).

Lastly, environmental pollution can also geographically affect the distribution of infectious diseases. One way to solve the problem is only through sustainable solutions and multidisciplinary approaches recommended by scientific experts. These recommendations are them implemented by governments as programs.

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UM Researchers Found No Connection between Bird Morphology and Phenology

In 2020, a research team from the University of Michigan discovered that during the past 4 decades the size of North American migratory birds have become smaller. However, since their wings have grown longer, the research team’s initial presumption is that the birds have morphed in relation to climate changes. In following up the previous year’s study, the scientists used various sets of data including those gathered from bird-related collision reports. Based on their latest findings, the UM researchers found out that the morphological changes in the migratory birds were not at all connected with the phenological shifts connected to climate modifications.

According to Assistant Professor Brian Weeks at SEAS, morphological changes are usually assumed as causal to changes in the timing of migration in relation to climate alterations. Professor Weeks added it was only after experimental tests using a broader set of data that they were able to arrive at a different conclusion.

Earlier studies about migratory birds showed that due to global warming, the birds had started migrating earlier in the spring. The UM-led team noticed that the early migration and arrival in breeding grounds led to morphological changes because of evolutionary pressure.

Comparison of Previous Study about Early Spring Migration vs. New Study

In the first study, the researchers correlated the scaled-down body size to the hotter temperatures in their breeding grounds. Smaller-sized birds tend to dissipate heat more efficiently.
The new study involved testing the connection of the changes in wing length and body size, to climate-related adjustments in migration timing which the older study did not tackle.

Both previous and new studies involved analyzing 70,000 bird specimen from 52 species collected by the Field Museum from bird-collision incidents in Chicago buildings. However, the UM study was the first to utilize museum specimens in studying the long-term shift to early spring migrations

This was not the case in other studies that relied on data gathered from bird-banding studies and weather radar records. That is why the researchers were able to report for sure that they found no proof to support the presumed connection between the birds’ morphology and phenology

According to Marketa Zimova, an evolutionary biologist at University of Michigan, birds change in shape and size independent of changes in migration timing. Ms. Zimova explained that it is likely that other adjustments have been causing them to migrate faster and earlier. She hypothesized that it’s possibly a physiological adaptation that allows migratory birds to fly faster without losing too much water, as it causes overheating in their body.

Vienna Researchers Raise Concerns Over EPFR Produced by Burned Vegetations

It is estimated that approximately 4% of the world’s vegetated land surface gets burned annually, resulting in 250 megatons of carbonized plants.

A recent study conducted by researchers at the University of Vienna revealed that there are elevated concentrations of EPFR or environmentally persistent free radicals in the charcoal, which lasts up to five years. These radicals can create reactive substances that has the ability to harm living organisms including plants.

According to lead researcher Gabriel Sigmund, these EPFR are correlated with harmful effects on our health and the ecosystem. Furthermore, they can also be potential origins of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which induces oxidative stress at a cellular level that can hinder the ability of plants to germinate.

The study shows that out of all the 60 charcoal samples derived from ten different wild fires, the scientists found concentrations of EPFR that was ten to a thousand times more compared to the average. Moreover, the EPFR was still stable even after an estimate of five years based on samples that was collected in the same location years after the fire.

Need to Further Study the Potential Impact of EPFR on Ecosystems

According to co-author Thilo Hofmann, these EPFR will significantly create greater impact for longer durations when it is more stable. Moreover, Sigmund stated that the researchers are planning for future studies that will figure out what other consequences will arise for the environment. This includes questions on how it affects the ecosystem, and the extent in the microorganisms’ stress factor.

Trump the Only U.S. President who Removed Protections On Public Lands

In the remaining days of his term, Trump removed the protection of more than three million acres of land inhabited by the endangered northern spotted owls. Located across the Pacific Northwest regions, Trump’s latest action further increased the number of public lands that have lost protection against logging activities not covered by forest management rules, The regions affected are mostly in Northern California, in the coasts of Oregon and Washington all regarded as prime timber locations .

Although the U.S Fish and Wildlife Service already changed the rules regarding public lands allocated as habitats for the northern spotted owl, the revision will take effect on March 16, 2021. This means that there is still time for wildlife organizations to bring the matter to the current president’s attention who, in all probability, will see to the reversal of such action.

President Biden after all was the Vice President to former President Obama with whom he worked in protecting 548 million acres of public property, both in sea and land. The size made record as the largest measure of land that has been granted protection in the history of U.S. public land management.

Trump’s Public Land Management Track Record

According to the Center for American Progress’ (CAP), which in May 2020 had conducted an analysis of Trump’s track record in public management, Trump had actually stripped rather than provided public lands with protection, which affected almost 35 million acres of public land. Described as nearly the size of the state of Florida, Trump made record as the only president in U.S. history to have taken action in removing instead of instituting protection on public lands.

According to the CAP report, the degeneration of the natural heritage caused by the Trump administration occurred within the 4-year span of his term is a serious concern. The report underscores the importance of public land management because they are finite resources, which if destroyed will be gone forever.

Bacteria in Ocean Plastic Wastes Continue to Survive and Thrive

Since the 1960s, plastic has been a favorite material of manufacturers for packaging their products as they are moldable, durable and versatile materials. Although popular because they are very convenient to use, they are also non-biodegradable; which means they do not decompose naturally and remain in land and in bodies of water for thousands of years.

Joint Scientific Study Reveals that Bacteria Inherent to Plastic Materials Thrive in Oceans

In a joint study conducted by researchers from the University of Tsukuba in Japan and University of Plymouth in UK it was discovered that the combination of the worsening plastic pollution and the ongoing decrease of pH level in oceans negatively influences the organisms inhabiting marine habitats. In examining the submerged plastic bottles fished out of the oceans, the researchers made an astounding discovery.

Inside the plastic bottle, they detected twice the amount of the diverse plethora of bacteria, when compared to those found in surrounding areas of water. Further analysis revealed that among the variety of bacteria living in the bottle, nearly 350 of them exist only in plastics.

Experts say that the findings provide more evidence that the increasing plastic wastes found in the ocean. They also provide a new habitat that will allow plastic-based bacteria to survive and thrive in bodies of water. That being the case, the study’s findings highlight the need to give significant attention to local ecological processes and environmental conditions as they could have future adverse impact on marine ecosystems.

According to Dr. Ben Harvey, the lead author of the research, the colonies of bacteria also increased the levels of carbon in the ocean. It is worrisome as they could cause helpful organisms to decrease, and the harmful organisms to prosper.

JHU Researchers Explain Reason Behind False Negative Test Results

Amidst all the testing for COVID-19 that’s been taking place globally, there have been cases when test results came out with false negative outcomes. Inasmuch as test results are critical to efforts in battling the spread of the novel coronavirus, researchers at the Johns Hopkins University (JHU) conducted a study to find out why false negative results happen, even if patients already show symptoms of infection.

In the report published last May 13 in the Annals of Internal Medicine by JHU School of Medicine researchers, it was learned that while testing is important, taking a test for COVID-19 at the early stage of the coronavirus’ incubation will likely yield a false negative result. If the symptoms persist and worsen, another test taken will subsequently prove whether the symptoms are indeed caused by COVID-19 infection. The question however is when should the test be taken?

Lauren Kucirka, M.D., Ph.D., M.Sc., a resident obstetrics and gynecology doctor at Johns Hopkins Medicine that it is important for everyone to know that a negative test does not guarantee a non-infected condition. That being the case, negative test results coming from individuals considered as high risks (elderly people aged 60 and above, and with existing medical conditions) should continue with treatments as if they are COVID-19 positive.

Dr. Kucirka explained that false negatives happen if in a Real-Time Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (rRT-PCR) a swab fails to collect virus-infected cells; or if the virus levels of infection in a person is still very low, there’s always a chance for the rRT-PCR test to yield negative results.

rRT-PCR are widely used among high-risk populations housed in nursing home and among hospitalized patients, as well as in health care workers. These are the specific areas and people who have shown false negative results.

What Stage is Too Early for Testing?

Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers reviewed and analyzed RT-PCR test data from 7 previous studies, covering 1,330 respiratory swab samples from different subjects including individual who have been identified by way of via contact tracing and those undergoing treatment as outpatients.


The analysis showed that those tested for the COVID-19 virus researchers estimated that those tested within four days after infection, had 67% chance of yielding negative results. Yet when the average person who tested negative begin showing symptoms of the virus, chances of false-negative lowers at 38%.

Finally, John Hopkins researchers arrived at a conclusion that the best time to perform a test is on the 8th day after infection or exposure. At that stage, the chances of producing a false negative result has gone down to 20%. This means that at that point, one out of every five patients who show signs of having the virus will actually show a negative result.

Is Covid-19 Affecting the Environment?

Dolphins, swans, clear blue skies and oceans are being perceived by many as indications of how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting ecosystems and the environment. People are concluding that while daily activities and social lives have been disrupted, reduced carbon emissions are giving them clearer views of natural sceneries beyond the horizon.


However, environmental researchers are quick to point out that what we are seeing now are effects of those concerted efforts rather than immediate results of recent quarantine and travel ban measures. They are results of global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions long before the COVID-19 pandemic broke out,

Although it is heartwarming that many are now appreciative in seeing different species returning to their natural habitats, caution is being given when connecting such occurrences to the COVID-19 event. In an interview with the Managing Director of Rewilding Europe, Frans Schepers explained that

What we are seeing is actually a result of a much longer trend, because had the population of those animal species went into a decline, they would not be showing up in the wake of the novel coronavirus lockdown” “It is natural for animals to behave differently when everything is calm and peaceful, as such conditions allow them get closer to villages and cities.”

Schepers further discussed that people can expect to see more wildlife, demonstrating how numerous species have benefited from habitat improvements, fewer poachers, less hunting activities, better protection, as safer havens owing to absence of all human pressure.

All those take time to happen, and the occurrence of the COVID-19 pandemic gave nature the opportunity to exhibit how it has responded from such benefits. He added that

“If people ease out pressures on nature, nature bounces back, as what we see happening now.” “Mainly because of nature’s huge resilience and capability to restore itself; giving us hope that ecosystems and the environment could return to their natural conditions.

About Rewilding Europe

Rewilding Europe is a non-profit organisation founded in 2011 by ARK Nature,, Conservation Capital, Wild Wonders of Europe and the WWF-Netherlands. Currently based in Nijmegen, Netherlands, the group’s mission is to create rewilded landscapes across Europe in at least 10 different regions.

UD Researchers Looked Into 3D-Printed Coral Reefs as Possible Replacement Habitats for Marine Organisms

As concerns heightened for marine organisms that rely on endangered reefs for their continued existence, researchers from the University of Delaware have explored the possibility of using 3D-printed coral reefs as replacement habitats.

As it is, possibilities of rehabilitating the endangered corals is getting more remote in light of the worsening weather conditions caused by climate change. Plastic pollution and coral bleaching due to continuously warming water temperatures, continue to destroy the already distraught reefs. As a result many marine organisms are without protection against strong waves and harsh tropical storms.

Dr. Danielle Dixson Assistant Professor at the School of Marine Science & Policy at the UD College of Earth, Ocean and Environment, along with Emily Ruhl, a UD alumnus, have tested the viability of 3D-printed coral reefs.

In a laboratory setting, the researchers placed mustard hill larvae and damselfish near a coral skeleton and 4 artificial corals made of different filaments.

One 3D- coral model was made from polyester, another was made from cornstarch, while another from cornstarch mixed with stainless steel powder. The UD researchers’ observations led them to conclusions that the 3D-printed habitats did not in any way impact the behavior of the damselfish. Also, there were no signs the affected marine organisms had preference for any of the materials used as artificial coral reef skeleton.

Behavioral Analysis Shows Great Potential of 3D-Printed Corals

Dr. Dixson is quite happy with the promising results of their experiments, saying that

“Had the fish not use the 3D-printed coral models as a habitat in the wild, they are at greater risk for predation.” “Had the coral larvae did not settle on the artificially constructed coral skeletons, they cannot help rebuild the reef.”

Ruhl on the other hand was surprised that even with the presence of a natural coral, damselfish and the mustard hill larvae alike did not demonstrate any difference in behavior. They took to the different 3D corals in the same way as they did with the natural coral skeleton. Moreover, the activity level of the damselfish remained constant, regardless if their travels were confined inside a tank.

Ruhl, who holds a Masters Degree in Marine Biosciences, was happy to note that the small reef fish did not mind that the habitat was made from calcium carbonate or not, because all they wanted was a place for protection.

KU Researchers Study Changes that Transpired in the Burned Areas of the Rondônia Amazon Forest

A first of its kind study that sought to gain insight on the changes that transpired in the areas burned by the Rondônia Amazon fire, was conducted by researchers of the University of Kansas (KU).

Headed by Gabriel de Oliveira, a KU Department of Geography & Atmospheric Science researcher, backed with a background in Ph.D. in Remote Sensing acquired from Brazil’s Sao Jose dos Campos via the Brazilian Space Agency/National Institute for Space Research P, Brazil, who stressed the importance of studies centered on biosphere-atmosphere interactions.and the changes that transpire to land cover.

They are significant because such changes affect the exchange of heat and water between the Amazon and the atmosphere.

Gabriel de Oliveira explained that since the Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world, the precipitation and all the water fluxes that transpire in the Amazon, affects the entire planet. That is why much of the international concern over the recent Amazon fire, arises from Amazon’s role in regulating the global climate.

Previous scientific researches have established that every year, the Amazon is capable of absorbing two (2) billion tons of carbon dioxide (CO2), which represent about five percent (5%) of global emissions. Continuing fires in the region therefore, tend to erode the Amazon’s carbon-absorbing capacity. Even worse is that widespread fires simultaneously contribute large amounts of carbon to the atmosphere.

What the KU Researchers Gathered from their Analysis of the Burned Land Covers

Using information provided by space and weather station satellites, de Oliveira and his fellow researchers analyzed data on the “Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER)” and from “Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA).

They then compared changes in water and surface energy that transpired in eastern Rondônia, Brazil, over different types of land cover in a drought year and a wet year. The KU research team also found statistically significant variations in other important measures, before and after a year of deforestation.

NASA satellite, high spatial resolution (15m) images, obtained by the ASTER sensor in Rondônia, showed that deforestation that consequently transformed the forest into pasture or agriculture land for soybean production, hand increased the soil and air temperatures in the Brazilian region, by two to four times the measures recorded before deforestation.

The research team also observed that when compared to non-forested areas in Rondônia, the amount of evapotranspiration occurring in Rondônia’s forested areas, are approximately three times higher. Moreover, notable spatial variations on the following:

  • The albedo or the amount of sunlight reflecting on the surface;
  • The net radiation or energy provided by sunlight that is available on the surface;
  • The measure of heat transferred from surface to atmosphere by way of soil and heat fluxes
  • The amount of water transferred from land to atmosphere when evaporating from the soil and during the process of transpiration in plants.

Those significant variances were noted between areas located on the opposite sides of Ji-Paraná River. To which one side had suffered more deforestation than the other side, where land is within the Jaru Biological Reserve protection.

Gabriel de Oliveira, who was born and raised in Brazil, said that

”There are no natural fires in the Amazon. They are all set by human beings, who claim they are only setting to ready the agricultural lands in order to make soil a little better.” ”Yet every year, fires get out of control in agricultural land, reaching and burning the forest.especially during severe drought events as everything is really dry.”

Disruptive Invasive Species can Affect Forest Health in Tornado-Damaged Forest Areas

Researchers of the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois in Chicago have ascertained that after tornadoes touch down and cut through forests, the resulting destruction paves the way for the introduction of new and invasive species.

The study, which was recently published in the Journal of Ecology, furnished evidence that large tornado-damaged areas left open spaces in the forests of southern Illinois, which allowed the introduction of invasive vegetation. As a result, forests with large invasive species growth were slower to recover, when compared to areas left unharmed by tornado blowdowns.

The research project led by Melissa Daniels, a former graduate student amd Eric Larson, assistant professor in the Dept. of Natural Resources and Environment also at the U of I, studied Landsat imagery in identifying blowdown and unharmed forest areas, which Daniels later visited in 2018 for purposes of surveying the invasive plants.

Assistant Professor Eric Larson explained that we tend to assume the forest recovers once the invasive species are shaded out; but they do not. After visiting all 62 sites identified through the Landsat imagery, Daniels reported that certain species of plant invaders demonstrated the ability to thrive and grow even under closed closed canopy conditions.

Why be Concerned about Invasive Species When They will be Outshaded Over Time?

The concern raised by studies related to Ms. Daniels’ findings is that forest management administrators can be misled into believing that forests will take their own natural course in forest recovery. However, since some invasive plant species continue to survive and grow, they pose as blockers to forest regeneration, and cause slow forest recovery.

At the same time, invasive infestation can spread to, and persist in neighboring forests, likewise affecting conditions necessary for faster forest regeneration. The greater impact is that invasive species can disrupt ecosystem services, affect biodiversity and lead to lowering of carbon sequestration,


Of the invasive plant species found thriving in the tornado-damaged areas, Daniels identified the top five persistent invaders as the autumn olive, multiflora rose, Amur honeysuckle, the Japanese honeysuckle, and the Oriental bittersweet.

Ms. Daniels explained further that since these invasive plants have the capability to survive shaded conditions, they can impact forest health and the significant benefits forests bring to the communities. The research team therefore emphasized the need to give care about any phenomena that can affect forests.

Study Reveals Pesticides Banned in Other Countries Still Approved in the U.S.

A study conducted by Nathan Donley, a Senior Scientist at the Center for Biological Diversity, revealed that numerous pesticides already banned or currently being phased out in Brazil, China and in EU countries, are still approved for use in the U.S.

Donley’s study which was published by the Environmental Health journal, shows that the US Environmental Protective Agency’s (EPA’s) reliance on voluntary cancellation by the pesticide industry is no longer effective as far as regulations of pesticides are concerned.

Donley’s findings provide evidence that if the EPA continues pesticide regulation by relying on the voluntary mechanism, the U.S. will likewise continue to allow the widespread agricultural use of more and more harmful pesticides already banned by its peer countries.

The Senior Scientist, identified the pesticides only through their number labels; citing Numbers 11, 17 and 72 as pesticides still enjoying US approval, notwithstanding that the substances are already prohibited for use, or in the process of being banned in EU countries,and in China as well as in Brazil. Additionally, pesticides number 85 and 13, plus two others as being in the process of securing approval despite the fact that the substances have already been phased in at least oe or two of the aforementioned agricultural countries.

Study Identifies the Pesticides Already Banned by Other Countries

Donley further claims that of the 1.2 billion pounds of chemical formulations used for pest control in the U.S., an estimated 322 million pounds of the substances have already been banned in EU; 40 million pounds are banned pesticides in China while approximately 26 billion pounds have already been prohibited for use in Brazil.

Moreover, Donley noted that out of the 134 active ingredients used for pesticides, 97 were submitted for voluntary cancellation by the U.S. pesticide industry. Apparently, the EPA became reliant on the submission for voluntary cancellation. So much so that the U.S. is now lagging behind in the prohibition of harmful substances used in controlling pests in U.S. farms.

The observation is demonstrated through the number of pesticides initiated for cancellation by the EPA, which decreased significantly over the years. Whereas, the number of voluntary cancellations submitted by the pesticide industry, rose.

Donley’s findings suggest that the US EPA relies mainly on the voluntary cancellations initiated by the pesticide industry as a method of prohibiting pesticides.

Living Corals : The Need to Survive in the Face of Climate Change

Living corals face numerous threats as many reef-inhabiting fish are corallivorous, species that consume live coral tissues as food. Majority of reef-fishes prey on living corals, some preferring the soft mollusk types, while many others such as the larger fish species, feed on hard or stony corals. In the Indo-Pacific region alone (comprised by the Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean), more than 600 species of hard corals provide food and habitat structure to an estimated 4000 up to 5000 species of reef fish.

However, many corallivores or coral-eating fishes tend to scrape the tissues off the coral skeleton, and in the process, cause substantial damage to the underlying skeleton. As a result , living corals take time to recover, as the process has to deal with both tissue and skeleton regeneration. Such occurrences tend to threaten the ability of hard corals to provide calcium carbonate skeletons that make up the hard substrate of coral reefs. This type of threat to the formation of coral reefs, is presumably a part of the natural check and balance in aquatic life.

Coral reefs, as we all know, is essential to marine ecology since the structure formed by the coral skeleton serves as habitat and shelter for a broad range of fish species. Coral unable to recover from diseases or harsh feeding habits of corallivores, leave behind skeletons that remain intact for long periods of time, allowing the formation of coral reefs.

Impact of Climate Change on Living Corals

Global warming has caused climate changes that bring extreme warm or cold conditions. Living corals tend to react to stressors, such as overly warm or overly cold water temperatures. When stressed, corals expel the algae covering their tissues causing them to turn white. Such occurrences are called coral bleaching.

Climate change caused increases in sea temperatures and decline in sea levels, as well as brought down rainfall with altered acidity level. Coral bleaching cause living corals to die, whilst leaving behind weak skeleton infrastructure as coral reef material. Low tides also cause damage, especially during daytime. Mainly because the part of the coral reef exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet rays are stressed and as a result turn white or bleached..

All factors affecting living corals and the structures they form, impact aquatic life, particularly the multitude of species that depend on corals for food and habitat. Corals have the ability to recover from occasional stresses caused by stressors and threats. Yet the frequency and intensity of the trauma endured as a result of climate change, will in the long run cause corals and those that greatly depend on them, to perish.

Studies Show Climate-Induced Reorganization of Food Web, Happening Across the Globe

Warmer than average temperatures are causing generalist species with preference for colder habitats, to move and redistribute in groups toward the poles. As a result, their movement toward new ecosystems is changing the flow of energy and carbon as they connect to existing food webs; whilst altering the natural feeding behaviors in a particular ecosystem.

When ecosystems are altered, food connections are rewired. Rewiring transpires when species navigating across landscapes in search of abundant sources of food, rapidly respond by shifting habitats. Through their relative use of different sources of energy, their foraging behavior causes a rewiring of the links connecting different feeding behaviors that exist in an ecosystem.

University of Guelph Conducts Studies on Changing Behavior of Generalist Species in Lake Ontario

Researchers at the University of Guelph in Canada, led by Tim Bartley, of the Department of Integrative Biology, together with biology professors Andrew McDougall and Kevin McCann, conducted studies by monitoring generalist species. The results of their studies were published in the Nature Ecology and Evolution journal, to which they recommend harnessing the natural ability of species to detect and react to the changes happening in their natural habitats.

Over the past decade, the team of UG researchers monitored how lake trout, a generalist species, has been forced to move into deeper waters to forage. The movement was in response to warmer lake temperatures. As a generalist species, lake trouts can survive in different conditions and feed on a variety of prey species. Climate-induced movement and feeding behaviors of the lake trout, manifested changes in the flow of energy and use of nutrients in the lake; causing a rewiring of the existing food web.

Tim Bartley went as far as analyzing the tissues of lake trouts to identify its new prey species and the locations of new resource. Lake trouts are known to be flexible feeders and may feed on other fish species. Although the UG researchers were unable to establish the identity of the prey species, the tissue analysis showed that lake trouts feed mostly on herrings. The analysis suggests that herrings had likewise moved to the deeper parts of the lake.

Based on their monitoring of the altered behavior of lake trouts, the UG researchers concluded that keeping track of behavioural changes in generalist species can serve as early warning system. The significance of such system will prove useful to humans who depend on the resources provided by the ecosystem for subsistence.

Studies of Bolivia Earthquakes Reveal Mountains Located 660 Kms Below Earth’s Surface

Geophysicists conducted studies of the shockwaves that hit Bolivia in 2018, led to the discovery of a complex terrain of mountain ranges. Using a network of powerful computer-aided seismic instruments, geophysicists Jessica Irving of Princeton University and Wenbo Wu, currently a researcher at California Institute of Technology and seismologist Sidao Ni, published their findings in “Science.” The research was actually a joint project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of Science and Technology in China, and Princeton University in New Jersey, US.

The most recent earthquake in Bolivia took place in April 2018, which thankfully did not result to casualties, had measured 6.8 in the richter scale at a depth of 562 kilometers. The earthquake sent waves across the region including Bolivia’s capital city, San Salvador, which caused alarm to many residents. In studying the most powerful waves produced by the massive earthquake, the geophysicists were able to unravel a new topography suggestive of mountain ranges, posing as composition of the layer separating the upper and lower mantle. They tentatively call the layer as the “660-km Boundary.”

New Findings Establishes the Transition Zone as a Range of Mountainous Landforms

The exact composition of Earth’s inner layers has long been a debatable issue among scientists. Traditionally, the layer between the upper and lower mantle about 660 kilometers beneath the Earth’s surface, is referred as the Transition Zone.

The zone is said to have occurred as a result of minerals (olivine) forming thicker structures of crystal minerals, which when converted reflected between the upper and lower mantle. Those previous findings was deducted from studies of a body of waves generated by earthquakes, which based on mineral physics are dependent on phase-changes related to temperature, density and depth.

The new findings gathered by geophysicists Irving, Wu and Ni, revealed that the Transition Zone they now call as the “660 KM Boundary,” possesses stronger topography than those of Rocky Mountains or the Himalayas. The geophysicists also noted that the zone had smoother areas suggestive of similar topography found in mountain ranges and abyssal plains.

Wildfire Impact in an Imbalanced Ecosystem

Nearly all studies conducted about wildfire, indicate that the Earth is basically susceptible to wildfire occurrences.

Where vegetation such as grasses, brush, trees and homes pose as flammable materials, the presence of oxygen in the air plus the intense heat of the sun, can all combine and start an uncontrollable wildfire. In 2018, intense scorching heat waves engulfed many parts of Europe, causing the decade’s worst natural wildfire disaster to spread in Greece, Sweden and Latvia.

The California wildfire tragedy in November 2018, is touted as the most devastating in the state’s history. Although investigations have yet to determine the actual cause, a common observation among firefighters is that the wildfire was made much worse by the effects of global warming.

Still, despite the occurrence of such phenomenon, recent global studies show that between 84% and 90% of wildfires that transpired worldwide, were caused by humans. Aside from decimating natural resource and private properties, destroying human lives, as well as creating adverse economic and social impact, the aftermath of wildfires has enduring effects not visible to the naked eye.

Burned Forest Soils Take as Many as 80 Years to Fully Recover

Based on an important study recently conducted by the Australian National University, burned forest soils will take as many as 80 years to recover. The findings is contrary to common previous perceptions that soil recovery will take place after 10 to 15 years.

Regardless of what or who caused a wildfire, the enduring ill-effects of soil burned by overly intense heat will greatly affect the functions of the ecosystem, particularly those that largely depend on plant communities.

Professor David Lindenmayer of the ANU Fenner School of Environment and Society, and also a member of the research team said that not even scientists knew for how long forest soils are affected after a wildfire.

“We thought forests could recover within 10 or 15 years, at most, after these sorts of events.”

According to the ANU report, raging wildfires can bring soil temperatures beyond 500 degrees Celsius, likely resulting to depletion of vital soil nutrients. If the area has been previously disturbed by logging activities, the degradation of soil nutrients by wildfires will be more severe.

In light of such findings, the ANU research stressed the importance of including such effects in carrying out land management initiatives and in formulating related policies aimed at reducing, if not preventing wildfires and logging disturbances.

Ecological Relationships

How Drugs Damage The Environment

Medicines are essential for human and animal health. However, the high consumption and the sometimes uncritical handling of pharmaceuticals lead to an increase in harmful and often long-lasting residues in the environment.

Various drug residues are found in the waters. For instance, drugs from the Kamagra camp can have an effect on the environment if the unused products are not disposed of properly. The effects of which on humans have not yet been researched very well. However, some research has found that drug residues have a negative impact on fish behavior. This can have far-reaching consequences for the ecosystem, which is based on a very delicate balance.


How medication gets into the water

All medicines that are taken and not completely broken down in the body can also be found in water. Several tons of active pharmaceutical ingredients end up in soil and water every day. Particularly stubborn drugs can only be filtered out to a limited extent by conventional sewage treatment plants. These include, for example, hormones, antibiotics, painkillers, antihypertensive, and X-ray contrast media. They get into rivers, lakes, and then later back into your tap water.

Medicines from animal husbandry are also distributed in the fields through manure and liquid manure and get into the groundwater through seepage. Although concentrations of pharmaceutical residues in tap water are low, there are health concerns because the effects on humans are poorly understood.

How to properly dispose of medicines

Tablets and drops should be disposed of with residual waste or handed in at hazardous waste collection points. Pharmacies, on the other hand, are no longer obliged to take back and dispose of medicines.

These are the consequences for fish

  • Antibiotics inhibit the growth of algae and plants.
  • Even in very low concentrations, the contraceptive pill impairs the reproduction of fish.
  • Psychotropic drugs also change social behavior in fish.
  • The painkiller diclofenac damages internal organs such as the liver and kidneys of the fish.

Everyone can start with themselves and do something for the environment. Medicines should not be disposed of in the sink or toilet but in the residual waste. The pharmaceutical industry is also in demand and should take back and destroy expired medicines.

5 Eco-Friendly Ways to Grow Medicinal Weed



It’s not that you should never grow a tasty Purple Haze or Blueberry again, but as far as the environment is concerned, cannabis cultivation can still be a bit ‘greener’. It is bad enough (in terms of environmental impact from electricity, etc.) that most weed is grown indoors due to the prohibition of cannabis. Take these tips to heart and try to grow your weed a little greener from now on, when you can’t/shouldn’t grow cannabis plants outside. Mother Earth – the only mother that all people share with each other – is surely grateful to you!

Cannabis is a great and natural medicine. Hemp as a raw material for products like CBD kapsulės (CBD capsules) grows much faster than wood or, for example, cotton, and also consumes much less water. How ironic it is, therefore, that the cannabis plant – thanks to the cannabis ban – is mainly grown indoors. Under energy-guzzling grow lights, in grow rooms that need to be artificially kept at the right temperature, and where the wind blows out of a fan.

Nevertheless, as an environmentally conscious indoor grower, you can make you grow a bit greener if you take our tips to heart.

#1. Buy solar panels

Our own Willie Wietman has been struggling for a while to run his grow box on solar energy. He has connected his solar panels to a battery, to store the energy from the day for the well-known 18/6 growing schedule.

However, you don’t have to be a Willie Root yourself to grow on solar energy. You can simply have solar panels installed on your home. Your grow room may not always run directly on solar energy, but the panels do provide more power than your growing needs for your own use. Unfortunately, there is no longer a national subsidy, but you can reclaim the VAT on the purchase price and the installation. Does the government pay a little to your cannabis plants 😉

#2. Grow outdoors

It might be even better to just grow directly with solar energy. After all, is there one solar panel better than the bracts of a cannabis plant? Growing outdoors is simply much more environmentally friendly than keeping cannabis plants alive indoors with artificial light and wind. Unfortunately, growing weeds is still prohibited, but fortunately, five plants are tolerated in the Netherlands. In practice, this means that the police will come and take them away if they are tipped off, but they will not be punished for it. As long as no one complains, you can grow your own weed outside every year, at least that makes a difference.


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#3. Switch to LED

If you still have an old-school HPS-powered weed garden, swap your lamps for LED. Even highly efficient full-spectrum LED grow lights are now affordable to purchase. They also last much longer than your HPS bulb, which needs to be replaced every two to three rounds. But the biggest advantage is of course the efficiency; where an HPS grower is allowed to squeeze his hands with 0.7 to 0.8 grams per Watt, even many beginners get a gram per Watt under LED. In addition, the temperature with LED is easier to control, because not so much heat (= energy) is lost with LED grow lights.

#4. Use sustainable plant nutrition

You may not be so aware of it, but plant food also has an ecological footprint. It, therefore, pays off for the environment to opt for sustainable plant nutrition. In general, this means that you are moving away from mineral plant food. And if you are not a hydro grower, that is also easy. Mineral plant food is mined directly from the earth, and often in underdeveloped countries under poor working conditions. And then we do not take into account the shipping and plastic packaging of it.

It is better to use organic plant food that is often also residual material from other industries. Compost based on cow manure, for example. Or blood and bone meal from the meat processing industry.


It is a pity that only five cannabis plants are tolerated because the more cannabis plants you put in a grow room, the faster you can harvest them and the less power you use. If your green heart is bigger than your respect for the authorities, go for a Sea Of Green. In other words, grow a lot of small cannabis plants, right next to each other. You hardly have to pre-grow and are therefore ready for the same amount of weed faster.

If you are a bit afraid to pay for many cannabis plants upon discovery, then it is still worthwhile to train your cannabis plants. With plant training, you can ensure that your cannabis plants use the light more efficiently, and therefore produce more weed with less power. Training is all about optimal light distribution, but that is quite a story in itself.

Ecological Toxins & Food Supplements

Food supplements can contain dangerous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) such as benzopyrene, dioxins or polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) if they are not manufactured properly.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in dietary supplements

Again and again there are reports of excessive, health-threatening amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) such as benzopyrene (benzo(a)pyrene) in food supplements. In addition to vegetable oils, dried plant products such as spirulina, chlorella and green tea extract are particularly affected, but also chia seeds. The high PAH levels in herbal food supplements can be traced back to poor manufacturing practice and, above all, improper drying of the ingredients.

In animal feed supplements, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) could be a problem with fish oil capsules. The cause is the accumulation in the food chain from algae to fish.

Dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in dietary supplements

Highly toxic dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can also play a role in food supplements such as green clays (mineral earths). There are so-called trigger values. These are below the maximum levels and serve as an early warning system to identify, limit or eliminate causes before the maximum level is exceeded.

Dioxins and PCBs may also be present in marine animal oils. Above all, high-fat fish such as herring and salmon, especially in the eastern Baltic Sea, are in part highly contaminated with dioxins as a result of years of entry via sewage. However, these pollutants can be largely removed during the manufacture of the products using technical processes.

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What can you do?

You should be particularly critical of spirulina and chlorella products as well as clay. If necessary, ask the manufacturer. Unfortunately, the origin of the raw materials is rarely recognizable.

Rather buy products from common brands or private labels and in stationary trade such as supermarkets, drugstores, online health food stores, pharmacies. For example, if you want to buy the dietary supplement protetox online, you should check customer reviews. This way, you can be sure you are buying the legit natural product.

In-house checks of the raw materials and of course the end products are part of everyday life here. This is especially true for organic products.

You should exercise particular caution with products especially when buying from foreign countries.

The Australian Dental Association Publishes Suggestions for Greening Oral Health Care Businesses

In light of the need for oral health care providers to go green in practicing their profession, the Australian Dental Association put forward various ideas. The suggestions.can help oral healthcare businesses shift to sustainable dental services even gradually, as every change no matter how small, can go a long way in protecting the planet.

Globally, other businesses are shifting to sustainable and environment-friendly methods in order to alleviate and to not stoke the warming conditions with more CO2 emissions. .

Structuring a framework for oral healthcare provision is essential, especially to promote environmental sustainability and ecology protection aligned with ideal patient care. Providing good oral health care is a great way to reduce the chances of contracting diseases. It has already been established that there is a correlation between an environmentally sustainable practice and giving high-quality care to patients.

There are three principal sources on how oral healthcare contributes to greenhouse gas emissions:
1.  Travel made by health personnel and patients, while going back and forth, especially to remote care centres;

2.  Manufacturing, allocating, and procuring the dental materials needed, specifically the different metals used for tooth implant.

3.  Managing waste generation particularly in disposing single-use plastics and other dental clinic disposables

Examples of Eco-Friendly Changes Suggested by ADA

Below are some of the suggestions put forward by ADA to at least give oral health care businesses, ideas on how to change a dental clinic into an eco-friendly and sustainable dental care facility.

  • Opt for sensor-operated faucets, and low-flow fixtures and faucets;
  • Have an amalgam separator installed; or install a central vacuum that does not use water but outfitted with an amalgam trap;
  • Re-arrange or remodel the office layout with a goal of maximizing ventilation and natural light;
  • Register for the energy saving program of the local electric utility company;
  • Place a dimmer lighting system as it saves electricity and only uses the right amount of light needed;
  • Invest in water heaters and solar electric panels; and
  • Replace windows made of reflective glass to trap heat in during cold season and to prevent heat from coming in during warm season. .

Switching to Green Products

Below are some ways an oral health care clinic can switch to green products:

  • Buy eco-friendly or organic scrubs;
  • Never use aerosol products
  • Opt for surface disinfectants that are less harmful;
  • Ditch disposable plastics and opt for reusable stainless steel high- and low volume, surgical or endodontic suction tips;
  • Opt for stainless steel prophy heads instead of using disposable cups filled with prophy;
  • Revert to reusable glass irrigation syringes as an alternative for disposable plastic syringes; and
  • Use biodegradable disposable cups instead of ordinary paper cups.

There are so many more suggestions that oral health care providers and professionals can implement to make their business more sustainable and eco-friendly. Some recommend car pooling and encourage the use of bikes when visiting the clinic for consultations. Sone other suggestions require greater capital investments as it involves collaborating with architects and engineers that focus on developing and building sustainable building designs.

8 Ways the Environment Affects Your Health



What can impede human health and wellness are a number of specific environmental issues. Poor water quality, poor infrastructure, lack of access to health care, disease-causing microbes, global climate change, pollution, and chemical pollution are what these issues include.

1. Chemical Safety

Different chemicals can impact human health in several ways, and often, exposure to dangerous or foreign substances creates health vulnerabilities. The chemical safety field is worried about minimizing the results of both natural and artificial chemicals. More specifically, chemical safety seeks to safeguard human and environmental health from exposure to potential toxins; it focuses on chemicals that exist within the ambient world, moreover as synthetic chemicals that are utilized in industrial processes or are the by-products of producing activity.

Public health officials who add chemical safety often concentrate on toxicology, which is the study of drugs that have a toxic effect on the shape, whether when ingested or when absorbed through natural surroundings. Another important aspect of public health is chemical risk assessment, which involves scientists and clinicians working to work out a substance’s full biological effects.

2. Pollution

Studies have shown that pollution effects on humans are a major public health concern, not only thanks to their role in temperature change but also because exposure to pollution can increase morbidity and mortality.

When environmental scientists speak about pollution, they’re describing any solid or liquid particles, still as gases, that are suspended within the air and have harmful or poisonous effects. After we give some thought to pollution, we tend to think in terms of human-caused pollutants, and rightly so: a number of the foremost dangerous and ubiquitous samples of pollution include car and truck exhaust, in addition as polluting by-products of business processes. However, many natural air pollutants can cause health concerns; as an example, pollen and mold spores are often linked with asthma and allergies.

3. Temperature change and Natural Disasters

Another environmental issue with serious ramifications for human health is temperature change, together with the rise in natural disasters that has accompanied the shift in Earth’s climate. The National Environmental Health Association lists global climate change because of the single biggest human health threat of the 21st century.

Climate change disrupts the flora and fauna in a very number of ways which will impede health and increase vulnerability to disease; these include increases within the planet’s temperature and more frequent heavy rains and runoff. The varied impacts may lead to greater vulnerability to nervous and respiratory diseases, diarrhea, and more.

Additionally, global climate change increases the frequency of natural disasters, often having a ravenous effect on homes and communities and sometimes leading to loss of life. Wildfires, hurricanes, cyclones, and droughts are just some examples.

4. Diseases Caused by Microbes

Diseases caused by microbes — also called microorganisms — present another area of public health concern. Trillions of microbes exist within the physical structure, and they also board water, soil, and air. Most of them don’t have any negative health effects, and plenty of microbes perform important biological functions, like supporting digestive and immune health, per the National Human Genome Research Institute. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi are styles of microbes.

What can infect humans and cause illness are harmful microbes, which are more commonly called pathogens or germs. Eating is one of the first ways during which humans can contract diseases caused by microbes. One example is unwellness from E. coli, a sort of bacteria that will be found within the environment and in foods, and which might cause respiratory disease, tract infections, and other adverse health effects.

There also are a variety of harmful microbes that sleep in the soil. Humans can get in contact with them by ingesting them (through contaminated food) or through inhaling them (through soil particles within the air). Tetanus and botulism are samples of diseases caused by soil-borne microbes.


ALSO READ: Ecology & Health: Reviews on Exipure


5. Lack of Access to Health Care

Another environmental factor that contributes to disease and overall poor health outcomes resides in a region with an absence of access to health care services like proper eyecare which an Orlando optometrist can provide.

According to Healthy People, “As it can increase the danger of poor health outcomes and health disparities, many people face barriers that prevent or limit access to needed health care services.” economic instability, unreliable transportation to clinical facilities, and easy lack of education about the importance of preventive care are some factors that contribute to lack of access to health care.

Individuals who don’t have access to health care services (including pharmaceuticals furthermore as dental care) are at a better risk for chronic conditions, which can include asthma, cancer, diabetes, or cardiopathy.

6. Infrastructure Issues

Infrastructure issues can even have a serious impact on community health. Examples include the following:

  • Poorly maintained roads (increasing risk of car accidents)
  • Lack of access to wash water
  • Lack of local health care infrastructure, like clinics capable of giving vaccinations

Overcoming poor infrastructure requires the correct allocation of resources from local, state, and federal governments, moreover as a professional workforce to stay infrastructure properly maintained.

7. Poor Water Quality

Verywell Health reports that across the planet, over 780 million people don’t have access to wash drinking water; shockingly, a third of the world’s population lacks access to proper sanitation services (e.g., clean bathrooms). The health implications are sobering: day after day, over 2,200 children die thanks to diseases caused by poor water quality.

A number of things can contribute to poor water quality, including industrial waste and pollution, lack of access to proper water treatment and sanitation services, and outdated plumbing infrastructure.

8. Global Environmental Issues

Global environmental issues account for over 12.6 million deaths every year, consistent with WHO data. Together with the problems mentioned here, these can include soil pollution, UV, and biodiversity loss. In line with the info, over 100 illnesses and injuries are directly linked to environmental health concerns. Often, these issues have the best impact on communities that are poor and have already got significant health care vulnerabilities.


Ecology & Health: Reviews on Exipure

A clean environment is vital to human health and well-being. At the same time, the immediate environment can also be a source of stressors. For example, air pollution, noise, dangerous chemicals have a negative impact on health. The health of the population is also adversely affected by climate change-related heat waves, floods and changes in the distribution of vector-borne diseases. Climate change, biodiversity loss, and soil degradation can generally affect human well-being by threatening the provision of ecosystem services, such as access to fresh water and food production.

When the environment makes you sick: Independent reviews On Exipure

Independent reviews On Exipure

There are many environmental influences that can have a negative impact on human health. But diagnosis is not always easy. This is why dietary supplements are helpful to your health. Read independent reviews On Exipure to help take good care of your health.

Environmental medicine deals with the influence of environmental factors on human health. However, it is often difficult to clearly attribute complaints or clinical pictures to negative environmental influences. Some of these influences are building and home toxins, household chemicals, contaminated food, fine dust, radiation or even noise.

The symptoms that cause this environmental pollution are usually ambiguous and could also have been caused by other diseases. For this reason, there are no reliable numbers of how many people fall ill due to negative environmental influences.

Indoor pollutants can affect your health: Independent reviews on Exipure

Indoor pollutants cause by far the greatest number of complaints in the field of environmental medicine. First and foremost are damage caused by mold infestation in your own home. But toxic paints, varnishes, wood preservatives and improperly used household chemicals can also cause symptoms.

How to protect yourself? Reviews on Exipure

Each and every one of you can do something to ensure that you come into contact with environmental toxins as little as possible. No other air pollutant damages your lungs as much as tobacco, tar and nicotine. Also, make sure you eat a healthy diet of certified foods to avoid exposure to pesticides or other pollutants. When moving into or renovating your home, you should use solvent-free paints, varnishes and wood preservatives. And last but not least, correct ventilation will prevent the formation of mold in your own four walls.

Medicare Plus – Advantages Of Medicare Advantage Plans

When it comes to insurance products on Medicare, there are several options on the market, including Medicare Advantage plans. These plans are offered to individuals who are 65 years old and over, and to qualified individuals with disability. They are alternatives to get coverage for Medicare Part A (hospitalization) and Medicare Part B (medical services).

Also known as MA Plans, Medicare Part C or simply Part C, these plans are provided by private insurance companies that are Medicare-approved, which means they have to abide by the rules, guidelines and policies set by Medicare, a health insurance program run by the federal government of the U.S. and meant to subsidize services for healthcare for people aged 65 and up, younger individuals who are able to meet certain criteria for eligibility, as well as people with certain illnesses.

Medicare Advantage Plans – What Is Medicare Plus?

Among the MA plan options is the Medicare Plus which fit together with Medicare. This plan acts an add-on for the part of healthcare services covered that aren’t paid by Medicare. More often than not with Medicare Plus, you are given more liberty to decide which doctor or facility accepting Medicare to go to since the plan isn’t tied to a certain network of healthcare providers and facilities.

Frequently, Medicare Plus pays for deductibles as well as coinsurance of your Medicare Part A and Part B. This type of “bundled” plan is better than separate Medicare supplements since it offers protection from charges that go over the reasonable and usual amounts if an insurance provider not connected with Medicare is used by members. In addition, the plan provides coverage throughout overseas travel as well. However, bear in mind that in circumstances wherein coverage for a certain service is excluded by Medicare, coverage is also denied by Medicare Plus.

Benefits of a Medicare Advantage Plan

Medicare Advantage plans are provided by private Medicare-approved health insurance companies. When enrolling in the plan, you directly pay the premium to the private insurance provider. They will in turn work together with Medicare so as to make certain your coverage for healthcare is handled. Although the benefits would differ from one plan to another, MA Plans presents several major benefits.

  • COMPREHENSIVE COVERAGE. Medicare Advantage plans would provide coverage for all the benefits of Parts A and B, along with other coverage which may include Medicare Part D (prescription drug coverage), vision, hearing as well as dental benefits. Fitness and wellness programs may also be covered.
  • CONVENIENCE. Choosing an MA plan is like a “one-stop-shop” as you have the freedom to decide on which benefits you want covered by the private health insurance provider. This then grants you the convenience of having a single plan with all the medical as well as prescription medicine coverage that you want and need.
  • OUT-OF-POCKET MAXIMUM. Every plan offers an out-of-pocket maximum. This is how much you will need to spend (out of your own pocket) on health expenses. Once you have reached the limit, your medical expenses will then be fully covered. Individuals who are aware of the high amount of medical cost that they need to shoulder can gain from this benefit.
  • URGENT/EMERGENCY CARE COVERAGE. MA Plans have to provide coverage for urgent or emergency care outside the area where the plan offers its services. This would mean that you are covered nationwide.

Pharmacy: Medicines In Wastewater

The topics of sustainable use of resources and environmental protection are more topical than ever. online pharmacyPharmaceutical residues in the environment affect entire ecosystems and risk assessment is only possible to a limited extent. Environmentally conscious handling of pharmaceuticals is particularly important. This way, you can be able to minimize the entry of active ingredients into nature.

When developing drugs in online pharmacy, the aspects of effectiveness and stability are in the foreground. The medicinal substance must be storage-stable until it is used on the patient. It must withstand physiological conditions such as gastric acid, intestinal bacteria and liver enzymes as far as possible. This is usually the prerequisite for effectiveness and also serves to predict constant concentration levels in the body.

Online pharmacy: Prevention as part of the solution

An important contribution to water protection is the prevention of pollution. To this end, you must promote people’s awareness of the problem. You must strengthen the will to act sustainably. One example is the correct disposal of expired or unused medication because incorrect disposal via the toilet exacerbates the problem. And an increased consumption of pharmaceuticals increases the amounts that end up in the wastewater.

Sustainable online pharmacy

The concepts of “green chemistry” and “sustainable chemistry” have been around for a number of years. The goals are, among other things, to consciously avoid dangerous chemicals and their entry into the environment. In addition, the goal is to produce chemicals in a resource-saving manner and to manufacture long-lasting products. Pharmacies can incorporate and expand these principles into a concept of sustainable pharmacy, but they are not enough.

The guiding principle of sustainable pharmacy is to enable future generations to enjoy a high quality of life in the long term. For this purpose, aspects of the environment and therapy safety must be included along the entire life cycle of a drug. The aim is to design all steps from raw material extraction to production to the disposal of a drug as environmentally and resource-friendly as possible. This can also promote alternatives to drug therapy. Pharmaceutical research and development can be environmentally conscious. A preventive orientation in the health system, environmentally conscious prescribing and taking of drugs are part of sustainable pharmacy.

What Determines A Man’s Lust?

Numerous factors determine the sexual desire of a man. The sex hormone testosterone is often mentioned here in the first place, but it does not play such an important role. Not every man who has high testosterone levels also has a particularly high libido and vice versa. In contrast, environmental factors can have a strong influence on sexual desire.

While physical activity and positive stress tend to have a stimulating effect, lack of exercise, obesity, poor nutrition and negative stress tend to inhibit libido. And for this, some men try to find the best sex toys.

The erection as a measure of male health

Are you aware that health and sex are closely related? Accordingly, erection is a fine indicator of health problems in men. For example, it provides information on the condition of the male vascular system. If, for example, there is vascular damage, this is often first expressed in erection problems, as the veins in the penis are particularly fine.

Erectile dysfunction

When an erection occurs, blood is pumped into the penis to enlarge and stiffen it. That means; anything that damages your vascular system also affects a man’s ability to erect. Conversely, this does not mean that potency problems only have to have physical causes. Depression, hormonal disorders or stress whether inside or outside the partnership can also be possible reasons.

What else disturbs the erection?

Certain diseases or environmental influences can also lead to erectile dysfunction. These include, for example:the best sex toys

  • Thyroid disease
  • Prostate problems
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Smoker’s lung
  • Too little testosterone
  • Environmental toxins
  • Erection problems due to fear of failure or stress

Stress can cause potency problems because the stress hormone adrenaline is poison for every erection. When initiating a new erotic relationship especially with very young men, erectile dysfunction can sometimes arise because the men want to be particularly sexually efficient. As a result, they produce too many stress hormones because of their excitement.

The future of men’s health

For the future, one of the greatest challenges in men’s health is to free health problems. This includes sexuality and the shorter life expectancy of men from their ‘guilty burden’.

Focus on Health and Ecology


New medicinal herb garden at the farm implements museum in Upper Franconia district

The gardening season will start again soon at the farm implements museum. As the first milestone of the Leader project “Learning Workshop School and Museum”, last year a herb garden was placed on the museum grounds, which will now be prepared again in spring for the initial vegetation period. Plants sensitive to frost are covered and checked to see if they have survived the winter well, annual medicinal herbs are planted in the beds after the last frosts in May.

“The Leader project reinforces the cooperation between the museum and the school and, at the same time, is based on innovative methods. As a place of learning, the herb garden should allow schoolchildren to have a clear understanding and above all practicality of ecology and health issues like – in diabetes using diabetic pen needles, ”said Speaker of the State Parliament, Henry Schramm (CSU).


The serpent of Aesculapius as the leitmotif of the plant

The plants of the medicinal herb garden were grouped according to their efficacy for different organs. The leitmotif of the garden design is the symbol of medicine and medicine, the serpent of Aesculapius. Being a narrow road, it winds around the main road and thus delimits individual areas for the various areas of activity such as stomach and intestines, liver and gallbladder, respiratory tract, or skin diseases. Another area of ​​the garden is reserved for edible flowers. 65 different types of herbs and flowers were selected and a total of 276 plants were planted in the new garden of the Museum of Agricultural Tools. Among them are known as thyme and sage, but also lesser-known medicinal plants such as hyssop, Hirtentäschl, Gundermann, and feverfew. The main focus of plants is on their medicinal properties, but many can also be used for culinary purposes. The herb garden becomes the starting point for numerous educational museum offerings that are being developed in the project “Museum and School Learning Workshop”. The signage for the facility was implemented last year with the Christian-Ernestinum Primary School’s “MuseumsHeilkräuterGarten” seminar under the direction of biology teacher Markus Lenk (StD), who in the future will teach students how to grow and process medicinal herbs. “Everyday skills and economics are topics that are anchored in the Bavarian curriculum as project days.


Herb Garden Museum

The Herb Garden is part of the Leader project “Learning Workshop, Museum and School”, which is housed in the Farm Machinery Museum. New ways of imparting knowledge in museums are the goal of the three-year project, in which the young generation with their interests and needs should be the center of attention. In this project, the Upper Franconia district is developing modern museum educational modules based on the objects from the Museum of Rural Devices in Bayreuth, which can also be transferred to smaller museums in the district.

Java Burn: Ecological Coffee Growing

Who could do without that beloved cup of hot coffee in the morning? Its invigorating effect and unique taste make coffee, along with water and tea, the most popular drink worldwide. But it is not always clear under which ecological and social conditions coffee is produced. More and more people are therefore looking beyond the cup rim. They are interested in sustainable and ecological coffee growing. This is one of the reasons why they read Java burn coffee reviews before buying.

Java burn: Coffee cultivation and the ecological consequences

Java burn cofee reviews

Coffee grows exclusively in subtropical and tropical climates. It is therefore in competition with the ancient rainforests. Ecological sustainability is not always given, especially on the more technologically advanced coffee plantations, as fertilizers and chemicals such as pesticides and fungicides are usually used intensively.

Often the application is not only harmful to the flora and fauna of that region but can also have an impact on people’s health. In addition to the chemical pollution, the intensive cultivation of the coffee plantations often results in soil erosion. Often the soil is completely exhausted and later only suitable for use by grazing cattle. The water consumption for growing coffee is also an ecologically important factor.

Java burn: Ecological factors in coffee growing

  • High water consumption when preparing the coffee
  • Use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides
  • Coffee plantations reduce biodiversity
  • Deforestation of the primary rainforest
  • After intensive use, the soil can usually only be used as pasture

How does organic coffee growing work?

When it comes to organic coffee growing, there are a number of methods that promote the growth of coffee without harming nature. The inclines and terraces of the plantations can reduce the intense solar radiation on the coffee plants and at the same time create reservoirs for rainwater that guarantee the water supply.

Another possibility is the use of shade trees. People plant native trees such as banana plants, grapefruit and avocado trees, eucalyptus, pineapple and papaya as shade trees. On the one hand, these regulate the solar radiation on coffee plants. On the other hand, they ensure that the soil is naturally loosened and protect against wind.

Another important point for ecological coffee cultivation is compost management. They create plant residues are as compost heaps and decomposed. They can use the resulting compost as fertilizer for the coffee plants. A natural cycle that protects the environment.

Obesity Creates Metabolic Food Wastes that Impact the Earth’s Ecosystems

During the past decade, obesity statistics in developing and western countries have doubled that the World Health Organization now labels obesity a pandemic. While the WHO estimates there are more than 1.9 billion adults and 41 million children having obese or overweight condtions, environmental researchers have been gauging the impact of obesity epidemic on the Earth;s ecosystem. As excess calories merely turn into excess body fats over time. the global amount of unnecessary fats stored in the body are regarded as wasteful use of resources.

Understanding How Obesity Impacts the Earth’s Ecosystem?

Humans are very reliant on what our ecosystems provide; such as clean water, food, aesthetic enjoyment, climate regulation and spiritual fulfillment among others. Our well-being also depends on the supply and quality of technology, social capital, and institutions that help us benefit from ecosystem services.

Obesity puts a toll on health care systems from all over the world,since it is also a leading cause of several disorders such as heart diseases, diabetes and cancer. Global obesity therefore creates a significant ecological impact on our environment in relation to consumption of high energy food.

The production and supply of high energy food products for one, tend to increase greenhouse gas emissions. Now we all know that greenhouse gasses have been a major cause of the global warming currently instigating adverse climate changes.

It became apparent to ecology watchers that inasmuch as large populations of humans are now consuming great quantities of high energy foods, the excessive amounts of food being consumed are imposing huge amounts of wastes, since they merely end up stored fats in the body of millions of obese people. The term used to refer to this type of waste is Metabolic Food Waste or MFW.

Measuring the MWF Impacting the Ecosystem

Metabolic Food Waste or MFW, is measured for every kilogram of food that becomes Excess Body Fat. Its impact is measured by the related carbon, water, and land footprint used to consume high energy food being consumed, also on a per kilogram of MFW stored by the obese population.

Currently, the estimated amount of Metabolic Food Waste related to obesity and overweight people, measures 140.7 million tons. The calculation provides ample evidence of how much impact obesity has on the Earth’s ecosystem.

In reducing the ecological impact of high energy, it is also necessary to reduce the MWF produced through obesity. After all, obesity is a chronic metabolic disorder that also increases risks of developing unhealthy conditions.

Choosing an Effective Method of Addressing Obesity Problems

Most obese people have tried various calorie-reducing diets, weight loss supplements and weight reduction programs but often times to no avail. The key to weight reduction is not just burning fat or suppressing appetite but in regulating the body’s tendency to deposit fats in body cells.

A new innovation known as modere trim has been receiving positive feedback from users because they are seeing quick and effective results in just a matter of months. Moreover, users who have been drinking the weight loss supplement have also noticed improvements in their muscle tone and their skin.

Based on the information provided by the modere fact sheet, the manufacturer uses conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in controlling the distribution of fat into the blood stream. The process in turn regulates the amount of fat getting stored in fat cells as Metabolic Food Wastes.

CLA is a type of polyunsaturated omega-6 fatty acid typically occurring naturally in plants but can only be obtained by humans through diets. Since it has been proven to work efficiently in curbing the fat storage process, the Modere Trim beverage is formulated using an award winning technology called the Collagen/HA Matrix. It acts to rejuvenate muscle and skin cells in order to firm them up and improve skin appearance.

Lifestyle Changes Can Help Us Deal with Anxiety To Prevent Depression

Despite the availability of vaccines, the threats posed by the pandemic to our well being still exist since the virus continues to evolve into stronger strains. Actually, even before the COVID-19 outbreak our anxiety over various elements and factors in our environment has been affecting the quality of our life.

Nowadays, mental health is a great concern because feelings of anxiety, can lead to depression. Mental health experts give advice that maintaining physical health is the best way to stay strong and resilient against the stressful effects of worrying over matters that can disrupt our lives.

The point is, worrying is one thing, taking action to prevent those environmental factors from impacting our physical health is another. That is why lifestyle change is the oft recommended first step to improving physical and mental health.

Common Examples of Environmental Factors that Can Affect our Physical and Mental Well Being

Many of the food we consume today use synthetic chemicals as ingredients in the form of additives and preservatives. Some other products were grown using harmful pesticides or methods of genetic modification.

In many places, the quality of the water is not potable due to certain contaminants present in the source. Examples of the most common contaminants found in water are lead, arsenic and other chemicals illegally dumped by manufacturers of industrial products.

Other known environmental elements that affect physical health include air and noise pollution, natural weather disturbances that lead to flooding, wildfires, freezing temperatures and other catastrophic events like earthquake, tsunamis and tornadoes.

Previous studies conducted by U.S. military researchers suggested that electromagnetic waves emitted by handheld devices can cause mood disorders that lead to anxiety and depression. However, determining the link between electromagnetic waves and their mood-altering effects on humans, is said to require more controlled clinical studies involving larger groups of people.

Lifestyle Changes that Can Help Improve Our Physical and Mental Health

The degree of our exposure to some of these environmental elements is partly under our control. Lifestyle change is one way we can reduce the impact of environmental stressors affecting our health.

A change of location where there are fewer environmental hazards can do a lot to reduce our anxieties. However, such kind of lifestyle change is not always feasible because there are other factors to consider, such as work availability and financial capability.

The important thing is to adopt changes in behaviors and habits in ways that boost physical health. Bear in mind that a properly functioning body is the basic foundation of good mental health. People who are physically well are able to think and perform well despite stressful conditions that come their way. Having the advantage of possessing stronger mental facilities, is mainly due to the soundness of one’s physical health.

How Lifestyle Changes Can Help Address Anxiety and Depression

Anxiety are natural responses that the body deals with by producing the stress hormone cortisol and the energy-boosting adrenaline. Yet any lack or excess of nutrients can affect the mechanisms that regulate the production of these hormones.

Sleep deprivation is also detrimental to one’s physical health, Mainly because the tissues making up the organs of our body have fewer chances of completing the repair, regeneration and revitalization processes that take place during a sleep cycle of at least 6 to 7 hours.

Staying active both physically and mentally is another important behavior. Regular exercises as simple as walking or running help in the blood circulation processes. The body’s circulatory system is responsible for distributing the nutrients, minerals and biochemical substances needed by our body in order to function properly.

Lifestyle changes may include taking additional supplements formulated with organic ingredients that can improve immune systems, help us get better sleep and furnish us with energy that we need, especially in fight-or-flight situations.

What Is Eco-Friendly Hair Transplant?

More and more people are becoming concerned of the environment. That’s why even when it comes to aesthetics and beauty treatment, people would go for eco-friendly procedures. This is also true when it comes to hair transplant. While eco-friendly hair transplants are more costly, you can compare prices here – how much does a hair transplant cost.

Eco-Friendly Hair Transplant

Hair transplant procedures can be achieved through an eco-friendly way. This means you can get a hair transplant without doing harm to the environment. Eco-friendly transplants are also referred to as organic hair transplants. This is because they are done without the use of any chemicals.

The procedure involves injecting a fluid taken from the fatty tissues of the body, and it is combined with stem cells. This is injected in the area of the body that needs hair growth. The procedure is done under a microscope. This ensures that the fluid injected will only be used for hair transplant, and no other tissues are affected by it.

There are various benefits of getting an eco-friendly hair transplant. Listed below are some benefits:

  • The area that needs hair transplant becomes ready to receive the new hair.
  • Eco-friendly hair transplant procedure is quick and easy compared to traditional procedure.
  • The operation can be done without harmful chemicals involved.
  • Organic hair transplant has a better hold rate of hair roots because of well-nurtured new hair follicles.
  • Gives better and effective results.
  • Results are healthier and vibrant hair.

Why Choose Eco-Friendly Hair Transplant?

In normal hair transplant procedures, the surgery concentrates only on the health of the hair roots to be transferred and less on the area that needs hair transplant. Normal hair transplant neglects to see that the area to receive new hair is lacking fat tissue. This means that even though new healthy hair roots are transferred, the success rate will be low because of the lack of fatty fluids. This also means that when fatty fluids and stem cells are injected into the target area, it has a better rate of success because it meets the target area’s need for oil. Thus, new hair growth is better, fuller, and healthier.

Eco-friendly is becoming popular these days because of the people’s growing concern for the environment. But also because, this procedure is better and more effective compared to the traditional hair transplant that the first few generations are used to.


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